C1.1. Monitoring soil quality
Planning, implementing and interpreting soil quality analysis for monitoring soil quality
C1.2. Effects on water quality
Determining possible nitrate and phosphate loss in water through suction probes.
C1.3. Volume and composition of leachates generated during pig solid fraction composting
Assessing the environmental impact of pig solid fraction composting in leachate generation.
C1.4. Monitoring antibiotics and ARGs
A soil and crop sampling plan will be prepared for each strategy (mainly in Catalonia) in plots where actions B1, B3, and B5 are carried out. The tetracycline content in 24 soil samples from the demonstration plots in the Lombardy region (where liquid fraction is applied) will also be determined.
C1.5 Sampling emissions in action B5 demonstration plots
Monitoring greenhouse gas (CH4, N2O, CO2) and NH3 emissions.